USAAF CG-4A Glider

Winged Cargo Inc.: First commercial freight glider service

Shortly after the end of World War II, surplus military aircraft entered the civilian market in large numbers. This triggered an explosion of airlines, often flown by the abundant number of veteran pilots. The Douglas C-47 was a mainstay in many of these airlines and freight companies. Not satisfied with simply transporting cargo, two former Air Corps officers, Fred P. Dollenberg and Raymond W. Baldwin Jr. set up Winged Cargo Inc. with its headquarters at NorthWest Philadelphia Airport. This company utilized gliders to carry extra cargo.

WInged Cargo Waco Glider CG-4A
Winged Cargo Inc. takes off while towing a Waco CG-4A glider | Source fly.historicwings.com

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Trans International Airlines: First airline to operate a Douglas DC-10 all-cargo flight

Trans International Airlines (TIA) was a non-scheduled Charter Airlines that operated regular charter flights between the US and Europe and saw service briefly in the Vietnam War. The airline, acquired by Entertainment and travel mogul Kirk Kerkorian, was riding the postwar boom in commercial aviation as a sea of former air force pilots and demilitarised aircraft flooded the civilian industry. It held the honour of being the world’s largest charter airline with the acquisition of Saturn Airways in December 1979.

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