Trans International Airlines (TIA) was a non-scheduled Charter Airlines that operated regular charter flights between the US and Europe and saw service briefly in the Vietnam War. The airline, acquired by Entertainment and travel mogul Kirk Kerkorian, was riding the postwar boom in commercial aviation as a sea of former air force pilots and demilitarised aircraft flooded the civilian industry. It held the honour of being the world’s largest charter airline with the acquisition of Saturn Airways in December 1979.
The DC-10 was a three-engined wide-body jet airliner manufactured by McDonnell Douglas with medium to long range capabilities. The Douglas DC-10 was mainly used on passenger charters within America in a 345-seat all-economy configuration and a 303-seat version for the intercontinental version.
TIA became the launch customer for the first freighter version of the Douglas DC-10-30CF and placed an order for three aircraft on the 25th November 1968 with the first aircraft delivered in 27th April 1973. Thus it held the distinction of having operated the first all-cargo flight of a DC-10. However, heavy losses in the 1980s caused TIA to lease these aircraft to Air Florida.